Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) and Mental Health: The Role of Psychosocial Factors in Optimizing Prevention


Heather Johnston

Key messages

  • Relationships between psychosocial factors, MSD, and mental health outcomes are multi-directional.
  • Psychosocial factors can act to both increase or decrease risk of injury.
  • Few of the widely used MSD risk assessment tools incorporate psychosocial factors, highlighting an area for improvement in assessment.

Implications for the prevention of MSD

  • Incorporating psychosocial factors in current risk assessments may optimize prevention strategies to address both MSD and mental health outcomes.
  • Capturing magnitude and temporal considerations may be helpful for interpreting psychosocial factors.
  • The provided resources may highlight some helpful items for risk assessment toolkits.
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CRE-MSD Position Paper